The thirteen disabling
conditions identified are: ( 34 CFR 300.7)
(4) hearing impairment,
(5) mental retardation,
(6) multiple disabilities,
(7) orthopedic impairment,
(8) other health impairment,
(9) specific learning
(10) emotional disturbance,
(11) speech or language
(12) traumatic brain injury, and
(13) visual impairment.
A developmental disability
significantly affecting verbal and non-verbal communication and social
interaction, generally evident before age three, that adversely affects
Characteristics of autism
include irregularities and impairments in communication, engagement in
repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental
change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory
experiences. The term does not include children with characteristics of the
emotional disturbance disability.
If a child manifests
characteristics of the disability category autism after age three, that child
still could be diagnosed as having autism if criteria in the paragraph above
Note: See CCR 3030 (g) for a
similar definition of eligibility for autistic-like behaviors based upon state
Concomitant hearing and visual
impairments, the combination of which causes such severe communication and
other developmental and educational problems that they cannot be accommodated
in special education programs solely for deaf or blind children.
A hearing impairment, whether
permanent or fluctuating, that is so severe that the child is impaired in
processing linguistic information through hearing, even with amplification,
which adversely affects educational performance.
Emotional Disturbance (ED)
A condition exhibiting one or
more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a
marked degree, which adversely affects educational performance:
An inability to learn which cannot be explained by intellectual,
sensory, or health factors.
An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal
relationships with peers and teachers.
Inappropriate types of behavior or feeling under normal
circumstances, exhibited in several situations.
general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression.
tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or
The term includes children who are schizophrenic. The term does not
include children who are socially maladjusted, unless it is determined that
they exhibit one or more of the characteristics listed above.
Hard of Hearing (HH)
A hearing impairment, whether permanent or fluctuating, which adversely
affects a child’s educational performance, but which is not included under the
definition of “deafness” in this section.
Hearing Impaired (HI)
A federal category of disability that includes both hard of hearing and
deaf individuals as defined above.
Mentally Retarded (MR)
Significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning existing
concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the
developmental period, which adversely affects a child’s educational
Multiple Disabilities (MD)
Concomitant impairments, such as mentally retarded-blind or mentally
retarded-orthopedic impaired, the combination of which causes such severe
educational problems that they cannot be accommodated in special education
programs solely for one of the impairments.
The term does not include deaf-blind children.
Orthopedic Impairment (OI)
A severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child’s
educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by congenital
anomaly (e.g., clubfoot, absence of a member, etc.) and impairments from other
causes (e.g., cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures or burns which cause
Other Health Impaired (OHI)
Having limited strength, vitality, or alertness, due to chronic or acute
health problems, such as heart condition, tuberculosis, rheumatic fever,
nephritis, asthma, sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, epilepsy, lead poisoning,
leukemia, or diabetes, which adversely affects a child’s educational
Specific Learning Disability (SLD)
A disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved
in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, which may manifest
itself as an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or
do mathematical calculations.
The term includes such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain
injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. The
term does not include children who have learning problems that are primarily
the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities, mental retardation, or
emotional disturbance. Sociological causes, including environmental, cultural,
or economic disadvantages and limited English proficiency may not be factors
causing the learning problems.
The IEP team including assessment personnel shall make the decision as
to whether or not a severe discrepancy exists. The decision shall take into
account all relevant material. No single score or product of scores, test, or
procedure shall be used as a sole criterion
Speech and Language Impaired (SLI)
A communication disorder, such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a
language impairment, or a voice impairment, which adversely affects a child’s
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
An acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force or
by an internal occurrence, such as a stroke or aneurysm, resulting in total or
partial functional disability or psychosocial maladjustment that adversely
affects educational performance.
The term includes open or closed head injuries resulting in mild,
moderate, or severe impairments in one or more areas, including cognition;
language memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgement;
problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior;
physical functions; information processing; and speech. The term does not
include brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative or brain injuries
induced by birth trauma.
Visual Impairment (VI)
A visual impairment that, even with correction, adversely affects a
child’s educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness.